Caring Gynae
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  • Gynae Oncology Malaysia – Cervical Cancer

    • 18 Apr, 2021

    Cervical cancer

    Cervical cancer is the second-most-common cause of female cancer in Malaysia after breast cancer according to the Pharmaceutical Association of Malaysia. Cervical cancer is an abnormal growth that forms in the cervix. 99% of cervical cancer is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), which can be spread through sexual activity. HPV is a family of 100 over viruses, of which about 14 strains can cause cancer.


    Nearly all cervical cancer is due to HPV; two strains, HPV16 and HPV18, account for 70% of cases. HPV16 is responsible for almost 90% of HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancers.

    What early signs do you need to look out for?

    • Abnormal bleeding (during or after sex, between periods and also post-menopause)period

    • The most common and earliest sign of cervical cancer tends to be irregular bleeding. It happens when the cancer cells grow on the tissue below the cervix. It's an especially alarming sign in postmenopausal women who no longer have periods. There's no age limit to developing cervical cancer.
    • Unusual vaginal discharge

    • Everyone's discharge is different, so it's a case of knowing what is normal for you. If you find that the colour, smell and consistency has changed, then that's something you really need to have checked out. When cancer lacks oxygen, it can cause an infection which leads to strange smelling discharge.
    • Discomfort or pain during sex

    • Pain during sex can be a sign of a number of different issues, but one is cervical cancer. Because the disease often comes with no symptoms, pain during intercourse is one of the key indicators. It can be a sign that the cancer is spreading to surrounding tissues.
    • Lower back pain

    • It could be down to you straining something in the gym, or it could be a warning sign that something's wrong with your reproductive organs. Persistent pain - just one off twinges - in the lower back, pelvis or appendix can be a symptom of cervical cancer.
    • Unintended weight loss

    • While effortless weight loss might sound like the answer to many of our prayers, it's never a good sign if it happens seemingly without cause. A loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss tend to be signs that the body isn't working properly - it's trying to conserve energy. If you notice that you're not eating as you normally do, go to your GP.

    Cervical cancer warning signs

    At Caring Gynae, we provide the most up-to-date diagnostics (tests) and treatment for gynae cancers. Our gynae cancer specialists will come together and work with you to assess your condition and plan and deliver the most effective treatment. Your care plan will be custom-made to treat your specific cancer and the needs most important to you.